Civil Society Organizations and Global Health Governance
Kenneth W. Abbott
Kenneth Abbott is Professor in the College of Law and in the School of Global Studies at Arizona State University. He is also the Willard H. Pedrick Distinguished Research Scholar. He was previously Professor of International Law at Northwestern University from 1978 – 2005. His research and teaching lie at the juncture of international relations, law, and organization and they explore features of international governance that span many substantive areas: for example, why states organize their relations through formal organizations; why many international arrangements are legalized, and at the same time why states and other actors often prefer “soft law”; and why private actors set many kinds of international standards, while states promulgate others. His present work focuses on international health law, the roles of non-governmental organizations (especially advocacy NGOs), as well as well as international responses to public health problems, such as HIV/AIDS, emerging infectious diseases, polio eradication, tobacco use, and the reduction of global poverty in sustainable ways. Professor Abbott has written over 30 scholarly articles, most of them in international legal journals.
Sonja Bartsch studied political science and economics at the University of Hamburg, where she graduated in 1999 and worked as research fellow at the University of Hamburg from 2000 – 2004, prior to joining the German Institute of Global and Area Studies in 2004, where she is Senior Research Fellow. Research areas of interest include global politics, civil society organizations, trisectoral policy networks, multilevel governance, global public health, and development policy (with a focus on the Millennium Development Goals). At present she works on global health governance and the role of public-private partnerships for effective and legitimate policy-making. She is co-leader of a research project on “Institutional Changes in Global Health Governance,” and is responsible for the project study on the “Global Fund to Fight Aids, Tuberculosis and Malaria.” She has authored and co-authored numerous books and articles on various topics of Global Politics and Health Governance; her most recent publication is Global Health Governance and the Fight Against HIV/AIDS (forthcoming, ed. with W. Hein and L. Kohl-Morgen).
Jillian Clare Cohen-Kohler
Jillian Clare Cohen-Kohler is the Director of the Comparative Program on Health and Society and an Assistant Professor at the Leslie Dan Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Toronto. Her research and teaching are focused on drug access issues for the global poor, the comparative politics of international pharmaceutical policy, and ethics and corruption in pharmaceutical systems. Dr. Cohen began her career in international health at UNICEF in New York City. She then joined the World Bank in Washington, DC as a pharmaceutical policy specialist. She also was responsible for coordinating pharmaceutical policies between the World Bank and the World Health Organization in the Latin America region. She has written in a number of academic journals, newspapers and edited volumes on pharmaceutical policy. She holds a PhD from New York University in Politics.
Ronald J. Deibert
Ron Deibert is Associate Professor of Political Science and Director of the Citizen Lab at the Munk Centre for International Studies, University of Toronto. He is a co-founder and a principal investigator of the OpenNet Initiative, a research and advocacy project that examines Internet censorship and surveillance worldwide, and the CiviSec Project, which develops information security tools and strategies for human rights and humanitarian organizations worldwide, and is the principal investigator of the Psiphon censorship circumvention project. He has been a consultant to the Canadian departments of National Defence and Foreign Affairs and International Trade; Human Rights in China; and the Open Society Institute (Soros Foundation) on issues relating to Internet censorship, surveillance and circumvention, space technology, arms control, and international relations. He provides frequent expert commentary in newspapers and on television and radio shows, including the New York Times, BBC, Globe and Mail, CBC, CTV, Fox News, NPR, CNN, and USA Today.
As Acting Director in the Department of Ethics, Trade, Human Rights and Health Law at the World Health Organization, Dr. Nick Drager's current work focuses on emerging public health issues related to globalization and trade - global public goods for health, global health governance, international trade and trade agreements. He has extensive experience working with senior officials in developing countries worldwide and major multilateral and bilateral development agencies in health policy development, health sector analysis, strategic planning and resource mobilization and allocation decisions, and in providing advice on health development negotiations and in conflict resolution. He has also worked in communicable disease control programmes and has deep experience in negotiations on international health development issues. He represents WHO at international events and conferences, serves as chair or keynote speaker at numerous international conferences; lectures at Universities in Europe, North America and Asia; and authors articles and edits books in the area of health and development. He has an M.D. from McGill University and a Ph.D. in Economics from Hautes Etudes Internationales, University of Geneva.
Brett Finlay was appointed the Peter Wall Distinguished Professor in 2002, as “UBC’s most prestigious honour.” He is Professor of Biochemistry & Molecular Biology and Immunology, and Director of the Michael Smith Laboratories. Dr. Finlay’s lab is focused on understanding bacterial pathogenesis from the perspective of both pathogen and host. He has been very active in international scientific cooperation. He has been a central participant in the group of scientists that has worked on a SARS vaccine, and he has worked on emerging infectious diseases with scientists in China, Hong Kong, Singapore. He is a participant in the Gates Grand Challenges Program that includes scientists from a number of countries, and he has been active in international and Canadian groups that have discussed the problems of bioterrorism. In Canada he has been a central organizer of government and industry officials and academics in creating a coalition of individuals concerned with food and water safety. Dr. Finlay has been awarded many prestigious prizes and awards, including, most recently, Canada’s most important research prize, the Canada Council’s 2006 Killam Prize for outstanding career achievement in Health Sciences, and the Order of Canada.
Margaret Hilson, Officer of the Order of Canada, has been involved in India, Central America, Africa, and Canada and has done much to shape Canada's reputation as a leader in health promotion. A nurse by training, she headed the international program at the Canadian Public Health Association and was co-president of the World Federation of Public Health Associations. She has helped to create and implement many major programs targeting issues such as family and reproductive health and AIDS. Her expertise has been sought by the World Health Organization and several other important health policy institutions. In recognition of her commitment and drive, she received the first-ever international achievement award of the Florence Nightingale International Foundation. She is currently the Coordinator, International Practicum, and Global Health Advisor, Faculty of Health Sciences at Simon Fraser University.
Dr. Kelley Lee is Reader in Global Health and Director of the WHO Collaborating Centre on Global Change and Health, London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, University of London. She is the former chair of the WHO Scientific Resource Group on Globalization, Trade and Health, and a founding member of the UK Partnership for Global Health led by The Nuffield Trust. Among her research projects, she leads a multidisciplinary research team, funded by the US National Cancer Institute, on a project entitled "Tobacco control, public policy and global health." Her recent books include Health Policy in a Globalizing World (2002), Globalization and Health (2003) and Global Change and Health (2005), and she is currently writing a book on WHO for the Routledge series on Global Institutions. She is on the editorial board of PLoS Medicine, Global Public Health and Global Social Policy.
David McCoy is a public health doctor currently based at University College London. After working as a clinician in the UK, he spent two and a half years in a rural hospital in northern Kwazulu, South Africa. He then spent a further eight years working on health systems development and policy research in South Africa. Three years ago, he helped conceptualize and initiate the production of an alternative world health report (Global Health Watch). The report aims to provide a critical analysis of the state of global health as well as act as an instrument for improving the accountability of key global health institutions. A member of the global steering committee for the Peoples Health Movement, he also works for and with a range of other NGOs including the Global Equity Gauge Alliance, Health Systems Trust (SA), Medact, Oxfam, and the Southern African Network on Equity and Health (Equinet). His areas of public health interest relate to health systems, maternal and child health, as well as HIV/AIDS.
(Dr. McCoy is unable to participate but he is the co-author of a paper for discussion.)
Thelma Narayan is an Epidemiologist and Public Health Policy professional cum activist, who is currently a Joint Convenor of the Peoples Health Movement in India (Jana Swasthya Abhiyan) facilitating the movement dynamics in the Southern states. She is a doctor who graduated from St. John’s Medical College Bangalore and was inspired by the experience of being a volunteer in the Andhra Cyclone refugee camps in 1978, to join the Community Health Department of her medical college as a faculty member. There she trained community health workers and medical students, and facilitated work on women and children’s health in the rural field practice areas of the college. Dr. Narayan completed her Masters in Epidemiology at the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine (LSHTM), and a few years later she also completed her Doctoral thesis on Public Health Policy analysis of the TB programme in India. She is Public Health Policy Consultant for Community Health Cell (CHC), Koramangala, Bangalore, which she co-initiated along with her husband and colleagues. CHC was involved in two very significant initiatives. It was deeply involved in brining together 18 national networks of activists and professionals from health, development, science, women’s and peoples movements to evolve the Peoples Health Movement in India towards the first global Peoples’ Health Assembly in G.K., Savar, Bangladesh in December 2000. The second initiative was getting involved in the health policy formulation of Governments.
James Orbinski is a Research Scientist and clinician at St. Michael’s Hospital in Toronto, and an Associate Professor of both Medicine and Political Science at the University of Toronto, where he is working with others to launch a new multidisciplinary PhD program on Global Health. He is also a Senior Fellow at Toronto’s Centre for International Health and the Munk Centre for International Studies. After extensive field experience, he became the international president of Médecins sans Frontières (MSF) from 1998 to 2001, accepting the 1999 Nobel Peace Prize awarded to MSF for its medical humanitarian work and advocacy since 1971 and chairing the MSF's Drugs for Neglected Diseases Working Group (2001 to 2003), which in 2003 launched the Drugs for Neglected Diseases Initiative (the DNDi), a global not-for-profit research and development initiative that seeks to develop drugs for the most neglected diseases of the developing world. A co-founder of Dignitas International – a Canadian hybrid academic Non-government Organization (NGO), launched in 2004 to provide and research community-based treatment, care and support for people living with HIV in the developing world, he was also a founding board member of the Global Alliance for Tuberculosis drug development, (GATB).
Richard Price is an Associate Professor of Political Science at the University of British Columbia and former Associate Director of the Centre of International Relations. He specializes in norms on the use of force in international relations, the effects of transnational civil society organizations, the politics of international law, ethics in world politics, and constructivist and normative international relations theory. He is the author of the Chemical Weapons Taboo (Cornell UP) and the co-editor of The United Nations and Global Security (Palgrave). He has published articles in International Organization, World Politics, International Security, Review of International Studies, and the European Journal of International Relations among others. Three of his articles, “Reversing the Gun Sights: Transnational Civil Society Targets Landmines,” “Dangerous Liaisons? Constructivism and Critical International Theory,” and “Transnational Civil Society and Advocacy in World Politics,” have been reprinted in numerous collections and anthologies. He has an edited book manuscript, Moral Limit and Possibility in World Politics, currently under review.
Daniel Sahleyesus Telake is currently a SSHRC Post-Doctoral Fellow at the Centre for International Health and Research Associate at the Comparative Program on Health and Society, Munk Centre, at the University of Toronto. He received his PhD from the University of Western Ontario and his Dr.phil in Development Studies from the University of Bremen, Germany. He has also studied in Ethiopia. Dr. Sahleyesus worked for over 14 years for the public and the non-profit community in Ethiopia and is co-founder of a successful school project, ELDAN Education Center, in Jimma, a town in southwest Ethiopia, where he completed his high school education. He has served as part-time instructor to universities in Ethiopia and Germany. He is the author of Non-Governmental Organizations in Ethiopia: Examining Relations Between Local and International Groups (Edwin Mellen Press 2005).
Paul Shaw is a health economist and Program Advisor of the World Bank Institute’s Human Development Group. Before joining WBI, Dr. Shaw worked in Operations in the Bank’s Africa region where he was the lead author of a major WBI study and program of action called Better Health in Africa. Prior to joining the Bank, he worked as a senior economist in several international agencies including the ILO, FAO, and UNFPA, also as policy advisor for the Canadian government. He has also been on the faculty of several universities and is the author of eight books and more than 50 articles in professional journals on issues of human development.
Devi Sridhar completed her M.Phil. and D.Phil. (2006, as a Rhodes Scholar) at Oxford University in medical anthropology, with a doctoral dissertation titled: "The Art of the World Bank: Nutrition Policy and Practice in India." The M.Phil thesis was on "The Political Economy of Child Hunger and the Green Revolution in Tamil Nadu, India." Prior to her studies at Oxford she obtained a M.Sc. in biology from the University of Miami, where she was research assistant to the President of the University, Donna Shalala. The author of a significant number of articles of global health, she has also worked as a consultant to a number of non-governmental organizations, such as Save the Children UK and Oxfam UK. She is at present a Postdoctoral Researcher in the Global Economic Governance Programme in the Department of Politics and International Relations and a Postdoctoral Associate at the Institute of Social and Cultural Anthropology, Oxford.
Janice Stein is the Belzberg Professor of Conflict Management in the Department of Political Science and the Director of the Munk Centre for International Studies at the University of Toronto. She is a Fellow of the Royal Society of Canada. Her most recent publications include Networks of Knowledge: Innovation in International Learning (2000); The Cult of Efficiency (2001); and Street Protests and Fantasy Parks (2001), and Canada by Mondrian (2006). She was the Massey Lecturer in 2001 and a Trudeau Fellow. She was awarded the Molson Prize by the Canada Council for an outstanding contribution by a social scientist to public debate. She is an Honorary Foreign Member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. In 2006, she was awarded an Honorary Doctorate of Laws by the University of Alberta and received the Order of Canada.
Y. Andrea Wang
Y. Andrea Wang received her early education in Toronto and her B.Sc. in molecular biology from Princeton. She is at present in the M.Phil. Programme in International Relations at the University of Oxford, under a Commonwealth Scholarship. Her thesis research is on the international surveillance of infectious diseases with a case study on SARS in China. She has submitted an article on international disease surveillance for publication. Andrea worked as an intern in the World Health Organization in 2006, where her efforts focused on the newly launched initiative on the Global Health Workforce Alliance. She assisted the executive director prepare the master work plan’s operational models, and she researched prospective members and helped with initial recruitment. She has been selected by Light of the World to visit Rwanda and meet with genocide survivors and local agencies.
Dr. Zacher’s research in the area of International Relations and global public policy is well known internationally and has had an immense influence on those who work on the politics of international institutions and law. He has published monographs with major university presses such as Cambridge, Columbia, and University of California, Berkeley, and articles in leading journals such as International Organization, and has held fellowships at Oxford, Cambridge, London School of Economics, and, most recently, Toronto (Munk Centre). At the UBC Centre of International Relations he served as Director for twenty years and has been a Senior Research Fellow there since his retirement from UBC in 2003. His co-authored books include “Pollution, Politics and International Law: Tankers at Sea”; “Managing International Markets: Developing Countries and the Commodity Trade Regime”; and “Governing Global Networks: International Regimes for Transportation and Communications.” He is working at present on the politics of international health collaboration, including a book manuscript, “United by Contagion.”
Ms. Keefe completed her honours undergraduate degree in political science at the University of Western Ontario in London. She then moved to Russia where she worked at the Carnegie Moscow Centre and studied Russian foreign and security politics as well as the language for several years. In 2002 she returned to Canada to undertake a Master’s Degree in International Relations at the University of British Columbia. After successfully completing the degree, she began to work with Dr. Mark Zacher on his research on International Relations Theory and Global Health. She is currently working full time researching and writing their forthcoming book on the politics of Global Health Governance, and is co-authoring on Dr. Zacher’s discussion paper for WSIR 2007.